I am often asked if locks on electrical panels are required, or where in the world does it say in the Life Safety Code that we need to lock our electrical panels? Well, the quick and short answer, is: As far as I know, there is no direct NFPA standard or Life Safety Code reference that requires electrical panels to be locked. However, that does not mean hospitals cannot be cited for unlocked electrical circuit breaker panels, in some applications. In fact… If left unlocked, it most likely will draw the attention of a surveyor and may lead to a finding.
Section 18.104.22.168 of the 2000 edition of the LSC says any requirements that are essential for the safety of building occupants and that are not specifically provided for in the LSC can be determined by the AHJ. So, Joint Commission has determined that electric circuit breakers for critical equipment, that can be deactivated by unauthorized individuals is a safety risk, and if not addressed with either a lock or a risk assessment, most likely will be written up under EC.02.01.01., EP 1.
Joint Commission has addressed this in their FAQ’s found online at www.jointcommission.org under ‘Standards- FAQ’:
Environment of Care (CAMH / Hospitals)
Locking of Electrical Panels
Current | November 24, 2008
Q. Are electrical panels in patient areas required to be locked?
A. While there are no requirements for electrical panels to be locked, the organization should conduct a risk assessment. Generally, electrical panels in certain patient care areas, such as pediatrics, geriatrics and behavioral health units, or public spaces and corridors not under direct supervision should be assessed with consideration given to keeping them locked. Electrical panels located in secure areas that are accessible to authorized staff may not need to be locked.
If you’re looking for suggestions, I would recommend a risk assessment be made of any electrical panel that is not secure from unauthorized access, for two reasons:
- The risk assessment will provide the organization a clear course of action to take concerning locking the panels; and:
- The risk assessment will provide the organization with paperwork (documentation) that should protect them from any findings in the future.
I would also suggest that you walk your facility, locating those electrical panels that could be accessed by unauthorized individuals, or panels that are not directly supervised, and lock them. If they cannot be locked, or if you believe there is a sufficient safety reason why to not lock them, then write up a simple risk assessment evaluating them and run the assessment by your safety committee.
I will have a post coming up that discusses risk assessments and a sample risk assessment form to use as a template.