Dead Bolt Locks on Office Doors

Q: Does section of the 2012 edition of the LSC, which prohibits more than one releasing actions to operate the door apply to office doors within a healthcare occupancy? For example, the nurse manager’s office opens to the corridor, and she wants to place a deadbolt lock on the door. Does the addition of a deadbolt lock create a violation? Does egress from a single office require the same “single motion” requirement as the remainder of the path of egress?

A: Yes, it does. As long as the door (no matter where the door is located) is in the path of egress, then it must comply with and be operable with only one releasing motion. A door to an office qualifies as a door in the path of egress, because if you’re inside that office, the door in in your path to the way to get outdoors. Now, it is possible that if there were two entrances (doors) to the same office, you could designate one of the doors as being in the path of egress, and the other door as not being in the path of egress. This way, the door that is not in the path of egress could have a dead-bolt lock that requires more than one releasing motion, but that may not help you with this situation.

Please understand that since this requirement to have no more than one releasing operation to operate the door is found in chapter 7 of the 2012 LSC, it applies to all occupancies, with the exception of residential occupancies as the standard states. This means it applies to your medical office buildings, administrative buildings, clinics, and as well as your hospital. Deadbolt locks that operate separately from the door latch set just are not permitted.

The 2012 LSC section does allow existing conditions where two releasing operations on a door serving an area having an occupant load not exceeding three persons to remain. But that does not allow you to install locks on that door… it is only available for existing conditions.

Rest assured, there are multiple types of locks that are available for doors that can be operated with only one releasing motion. The most common includes a deadbolt that retracts when the door handle is operated, and those are commonly found in hotels. There are other types of locks that are incorporated into the door handle and will unlock the door when the door handle is turned.