CMS has determined that the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code contains provisions on the use of power strips in health care facilities that may result in unreasonable hardship for providers or suppliers. Further, CMS says an adequate alternative level of protection may be achieved by compliance with the 2012 edition of the Life Safety Code, which has extended allowances on the use of power strips in patient care areas.
CMS has determined that the 1999 edition of NFPA 99 Standard for Health Care Facilities, section 3-18.104.22.168 (d)(2) which requires a sufficient number of receptacles located so as to avoid the need for extension cords or multiple outlet adapters, is outmoded and unduly burdensome. NFPA 99 is referenced in part by the Life Safety Code. Power strips are also known as multiple outlet adapters, multiple-plug adapters, and relocatable power taps.
CMS says by contrast, the 2012 edition of NFPA 99 has extended allowances for use of power strips in ‘patient care rooms’, which replaces the term ‘patient care areas’.
The requirement in the 1999 edition of NFPA 99 for sufficient receptacles to be located in all patient care areas as to avoid the need for power strips has been removed in the 2012 edition. In place, the 2012 edition has increased the minimum number of receptacles in patient care rooms for new construction.
Effective immediately, CMS is permitting a categorical waiver to allow for the use of power strips in existing and new health care facility patient care areas/rooms, if the provider/supplier complies with all applicable 2012 NFPA 99 power strip requirements and with all other 1999 NFPA 99 and 2000 Life Safety Code electrical system and equipment provisions. NOTE: This applies to patient care rooms in all occupancies; not just healthcare occupancy. So does apply to patient care rooms in business occupancies as well as ambulatory care occupancies.
A patient care room is defined as any room in a health care facility wherein patients are intended to be examined or treated. This definition appears to include operating rooms and procedure rooms as well and is not limited to just healthcare occupancies.
The CMS S&C memo 14-46 describes basic requirements that health care facilities must comply with in order to use the new categorical waiver.
- Patient bed locations in new health care facilities, or in existing facilities that undergo renovation or a change in occupancy, shall be provided with the minimum number of receptacles as required by section 22.214.171.124.6.2 of the 2012 NFPA 99.
- Power strips may be used in a patient care vicinity to power rack-mounted, table-mounted, pedestal-mounted or cart-mounted patient care related electrical equipment assemblies, provided all of the conditions are met in section 10.2.3.6. They do not have to be an integral component of manufacturer tested equipment.
- Power strips may not be used in a patient care vicinity to power non-patient care-related electrical equipment, such as personal electronics.
- Power strips may be used outside of the patient care vicinity for both patient care-related equipment and non-patient care-related equipment.
- Power strips providing power to patient care-related electrical equipment must be Special Purpose Relocatable Power Taps (SPRPT) listed as UL 1363A or UL 60601-1.
- Power strips providing power to non-patient care-related electrical equipment must be Relocatable Power taps (RPT) listed as UL 1363.
The categorical waiver is available to all health care providers and suppliers and need only to document their decision to use the waiver, stating that they comply with all of the requirements to do so. This document must be provided to the surveyor team at the entrance conference. Organizations wishing to use the categorical waiver need not apply for them or wait until they are cited to use them.
To review the CMS S&C 14-46 memo, follow this link: http://www.cms.gov/Medicare/Provider-Enrollment-and-Certification/SurveyCertificationGenInfo/Downloads/Survey-and-Cert-Letter-14-46.pdf