Q: We are a service contractor that is attempting to obtain a contract with a new client that is an Ambulatory Surgery Center. The ASC told us they never had their smoke detector sensitivity checked. We told them it was a CMS requirement to have the smoke detector sensitivity checked every 2 years, but they tell us they want us to check it every 5-years as that is what their current service contractor is telling them. How can they be in business for over 12 years and no one ever checked their smoke detector sensitivity? Have the NFPA standards changed regarding smoke detector sensitivity testing?
A: Ignorance, and a lack of understanding of the codes and standards. And a lack of enforcement by their AHJs…that’s how it could be missed for 12 years. This is not surprising. But to answer your last question: No, testing intervals have not changed in NFPA 72. Sensitivity of the smoke detectors has to be checked one year after installation, and then every other year thereafter. After the second required calibration test, frequency may extend to every 5 years provided the sensitivity tests indicate the devices have remained within its listed and marked sensitivity range.