Jan 13 2012

Fire and Smoke Doors

Category: Life Safety Code UpdateBKeyes @ 8:29 pm
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When the 2012 edition of the LSC is finally adopted (sometime in 2013, presumably) one of the more striking changes that facility managers will have to adjust to, is the annual fire and smoke door inspection requirement. Section 19.2.2.2.1 of the 2012 edition of the LSC requires compliance with section 7.2.1. Section 7.2.1.15.2 requires compliance with NFPA 80 Standard for Fire Doors and Other Opening Protectives (2010 edition), and NFPA 105 Standard for Smoke Door Assemblies and Other Opening Protectives (2010 edition). Also, just as a ‘good measure’, this testing and inspection requirement is repeated in section 8.3.3.1 in the 2012 edition of the LSC for fire doors.

Fire Doors- General

Section 5.2 of NFPA 80 provides the following basic requirements for the annual inspection and testing, which are summarized here:

  1. Fire door assemblies are required to be inspected and tested annually, with the written record of the inspection and test to be signed and dated.
  2. A written performance based inspection and testing program is permitted as an alternative means of compliance, but such programs need to be approved by all of your authorities having jurisdiction (AHJ).
  3. The functional test of the fire door must be performed by an individual with knowledge and understanding of the operating components of the door being tested. Since the standard does not specify what makes an individual “knowledgeable” or “understanding”, then the organization gets to make that determination. Be prepared to justify how you arrived at that determination, and have it documented.
  4. Before testing, a visual inspection must be performed on both sides of the door to identify any damage or missing parts that could create a hazard during the test.
  5. Inspections must include an operational test to verify that the assembly will close under fire conditions, and the door assembly must be rest after a successful test.
  6.  Hardware must be examined and any inoperative hardware, parts, or other defects must be replaced without delay.
  7. Tin-clad and kalamein doors must be inspected for dry rot of the wood core.
  8. Chains and cables employed must be inspected for excessive wear and stretching.
  9. A written record that is signed and dated by the knowledgeable individual performing the inspection must be maintained and made available to the AHJ.

Swinging Fire Doors

On swinging doors, the following must be verified:

  1. No open holes or breaks exist in the surfaces of either the door or the frame
  2. Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact and securely fastened in place
  3. The door, frame, hinges, hardware and noncombustible threshold are secured, aligned and in working order with no visible signs of damage
  4. No parts are missing or broken
  5. Clearances under the bottom of the door cannot exceed ¾ inch, and if the door is mounted more than 38 inches above the floor, then the clearance cannot exceed 3/8 inch. Clearances between the top and vertical edges of the door and the frame cannot exceed 1/8 inch for wood doors, and must be 1/8 inch (+ 1/16 inch) for steel doors, as measured on the pull side of the door.
  6. The self-closing device is operational and the active door must fully close when operated from the full open position
  7. If a coordinator is installed, the inactive leaf must close before the active leaf
  8. Positive latching hardware operates and secures the door when it is in the closed position
  9. Ensure that auxiliary hardware items that interfere with the proper operation of the door are not installed on the door or frame
  10. No field modifications have been made to the door or frame that would void the rated label
  11. Where gasketing and edge seals are required, inspect to verify their presence and integrity

Sliding and Overhead Fire Doors

Section 5.2 of NFPA 105 requires horizontal sliding, vertical sliding or overhead rolling fire doors, the following must be verified:

  1. No open holes or breaks exist in the surfaces of the door or frame
  2. Slats, endlocks, bottom bar, guide assembly, curtain entry hood, and flame baffle are correctly installed and intact
  3. Glazing, vision light frames, and glazing beads are intact and securely fastened
  4. Curtain, barrel, and guides are aligned, level, plumb and true
  5. Expansion clearance is maintained in accordance with the manufacturer’s listing
  6. Drop release arms and weights are not blocked or wedged
  7. Mounting and assembly bolts are intact and secured
  8. Attachments to jambs are with bolts, expansion anchors, or as otherwise required by the listing
  9. Smoke detectors, if equipped, are installed and operational
  10. No parts are missing or broken
  11. Fusible links, if equipped, are in the location; chain/cable, s-hooks, eyes, and so forth are in good condition, meaning they are not kinked, pinched, twisted or inflexible
  12. Auxiliary hardware items that  interfere with the proper operation are not installed on the door or frame
  13. No field modifications to the door assembly have been performed that would void the door label

Smoke Door Assemblies

On smoke compartment door assemblies, the following actions and functions must be verified:

  1. Smoke door assemblies must be inspected annually.
  2. Doors must be operated to confirm full closure.
  3. Hardware and gaskets shall be inspected annually, and if any parts found to be damaged or inoperative must be replaced.
  4. Tin-clad and kalamein doors shall be inspected for dry rot of the wood core.
  5. A written record that is signed and dated by the knowledgeable individual performing the inspection must be maintained and made available to the AHJ.
  6. Records must be maintained for at least 3 years.

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