Feb 22 2017

Signs on Doors to Rooms Used for Storage of Cylinders of Oxygen

Category: Oxygen Cylinders,Questions and Answers,Signs,StorageBKeyes @ 12:00 am

Q: If there are oxygen tanks stored on a unit that does not exceed the 12 tank threshold, does the door to the storage area where the tanks are stored need to have a sign indicating that tanks are stored within?

A: No. Rooms with less than 300 cubic feet of oxidizing gases (or about 12 E cylinders) does NOT have to have a sign warning of oxidizing gases stored within. However, the door to a storage room containing oxidizing gases in quantities of 300 cubic feet or more  must have a precautionary sign, readable from a distance of 5 feet, and must be displayed on each door or gate of the storage room or enclosure. The sign must include the following wording as a minimum:




This requirement is found in NFPA 99-2012, sections and, and applies to all healthcare organizations, new and existing. On this particular section of NFPA 99, there is no exception in having this sign if the facility is posted as being a NO SMOKING facility. That applies to other sign requirements where oxygen therapy is in use on a patient, but that exception does not apply to a storage room containing oxidizing gases.

So, as you are conducting your routine building tour, please keep an eye out for the required signs on any door where oxidizing gases are stored in quantities of 300 cubic feet or more.

Aug 31 2015

Stairwell Signage

Category: Questions and Answers,Signs,StairwellsBKeyes @ 12:00 am

Q: I am looking for a code reference which specifies the installation height for stairwell signage. It appears that NFPA 101 indicates 5 feet above the stairwell landing but does not indicate whether it is to the top or bottom of the sign. Can you provide guidance?

A: If you are referring to the wall-mounted stair identification signs mounted within the enclosure on each landing in stairs serving five or more stories, then the mounting height is ‘approximately’ 5 feet above the floor landing, according to of the 2000 Life Safety Code. The NFPA 101 Handbook has a picture showing the 5 foot measurement is between the bottom of the sign and the floor. Since the official code language says ‘approximate’, then the 5 foot distance can be interpreted to be to the top, the center or the bottom of the sign. You should be safe with any of those measurements.

Jun 15 2015

Fire Extinguisher Signage

Category: Fire Extinguishers,Questions and Answers,SignsBKeyes @ 1:00 am

Q: I have a question regarding fire extinguishers. We have our extinguishers located in cabinets that are flush with the wall. Is it required to have signage above the extinguisher?

A: No, it is not. The 2000 Life Safety Code requires you to be in compliance with NFPA 10 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers, 1998 edition, and section 1-6.12 of NFPA 10 requires fire extinguishers that are mounted inside a cabinet or wall recesses, must be marked conspicuously. A sign mounted on the wall above the fire extinguisher cabinet is certainly a conspicuous marking, but it is not the only marking that meets the requirements of 1-6.12. A red dot on the floor or on the ceiling is also a conspicuous marking as well. If the fire extinguisher cabinet is lettered with the words “Fire Extinguisher”, then that qualifies as a conspicuous marking. If the authority having jurisdiction does not believe that lettering on the outside of the cabinet that says “Fire Extinguisher”  meets the requirements of 1-6.12, then you need to negotiate with them and try to get them to understand that it does meet the requirements of NFPA 10. Otherwise, you need to comply with what the AHJ interprets.

Apr 20 2015

Soiled Utility Room Door Signage

Category: Doors,Questions and Answers,Signs,Soiled Utility RoomsBKeyes @ 6:00 am

Q: Are you aware of any door signage requirements for soiled utility rooms and/or trash rooms?

A: There is no Life Safety Code requirement for signs on a soiled utility room door or a trash collection room door, unless the door could somehow be confused with an exit door. Then a ‘NO EXIT’ sign will have to be posted on the door, with the word ‘NO’ 2 inches tall, and the word ‘EXIT’ 1 inch tall, and the word ‘NO’ has to be on top of the word ‘EXIT’. If the doors to the soiled utility room or the trash collection room are fire-rated doors, then the sign must be no larger than 5% of the overall surface area of the door, and can only be attached to the door with adhesives. Nails and screws are not permitted to attach a sign to a fire rated door. Perhaps you may be thinking of a state regulation whereby every door must have a number or name assigned to it. I have seen this regulation in many states. However, I am not aware of any CMS, Joint Commission, HFAP or DNV requirement for signs on these doors.

Mar 30 2015

Temporary Signs on Fire Doors

Category: Doors,Fire Doors,Questions and Answers,SignsBKeyes @ 6:00 am

Q: Are hand-made temporary directional signs permitted to be taped to fire doors? We had a surveyor tell us that nothing can be taped to a fire door.

A: Yes, temporary signs are permitted to be taped to a fire door, but they are limited in size. NFPA 80, Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows, 1999 edition, section 1-3.5, says informational signs installed on the surface of fire doors are permitted. The total area of the attached signs is not to exceed 5 percent of the area of the face of the fire door to which they are attached. Signs are required to be attached to fire doors using an adhesive. Mechanical attachments such as screws or nails are not permitted. Signs are not to be installed on glazing material in fire doors, and signs are not to be installed on the surface of fire doors so as to impair or otherwise interfere with the proper operation of the fire door. With a fire door size of 80” x 32” (approximate guess of the fire door in question), a single 8½ x 11 sheet of paper is well below the 5 percent maximum which the code permits. You state that the paper sign was observed to be attached to the door with adhesive, so it appears it meets the requirements for signage on fire doors. Sounds like a case for an appeal or clarification.     

Dec 16 2013

Fire Extinguisher Signs

Category: Fire Extinguishers,Questions and Answers,SignsBKeyes @ 6:00 am

Q: During a recent survey we were almost cited because one of the fire extinguisher signs was on the front of the fire extinguisher cabinet and the rest were above the cabinets. The surveyor warned us that all of the signs needed to be the same. Is that true?

A: Well, I’m glad the surveyor did not cite you for this. If he/she had, you could have easily appealed this away after the survey. The 2000 edition of the LSC requires compliance with NFPA 10 Standard for Portable Fire Extinguishers (1998 edition). Section 1-6.12 of NFPA 10 says fire extinguishers mounted in cabinets or wall recesses must be placed so that the fire extinguisher operating instructions face outward. The location of such fire extinguishers must be marked conspicuously. Section 1-6.6 says extinguishers should not be obstructed, but if they are then ‘means shall be provided to indicate the location’ and the Annex portion of 1-6.6 describes acceptable means, such as arrows, lights, signs, or coding of the wall or column. Nowhere does it say all of the fire extinguishers have to be marked the same way or method. Now, I’ll admit that it is obvious to me that they all should be marked the same way for continuity purposes, but I do not see where the standard requires that. Therefore, based on your comment that the surveyor ‘almost’ cited you but did not, indicates to me that he/she felt the same way that I do that the extinguishers should be marked the same way, but it is not a standard requirement, therefore no citation was made. So, no the extinguisher cabinets don’t have to be marked the same way, but it sure makes sense to do so. I suggest you have someone correct this so they all are marked the same way.

Feb 11 2013

Signs on Fire Rated Doors

Category: Doors,Questions and Answers,SignsBKeyes @ 5:00 am

Q: Are signs permitted on fire rated doors? We posted a sign on a fire rated stairwell door that instructed our staff to temporarily not use the door, and a surveyor said we are not allowed to do this. Is this true?

A: You may have a legitimate appeal on this issue. Section of the 2000 edition of the Life Safety Code requires compliance with NFPA 80 Standard for Fire Doors and Fire Windows, 1999 edition. Section 1-3.5 of NFPA 80 permits you to post signs on a fire rated door as long as the sign does not exceed 5% of the total surface area of the door, and does not interfere with the operation of the door. The sign must be attached with adhesives, and not nails or staples.