ABHR Dispensers in Business Occupancies

Q: In the 2012 edition of the Life Safety Code, section 19.3.2.6 (9) states dispensers of alcohol based hand rub (ABHR) solution are permitted to be installed directly over carpeted floors in fully sprinkled smoke compartments. My question is: Does this go with business occupancies as well?

A: I would say surveyors would likely ‘borrow’ from chapter 19 and apply certain requirements regarding ABHR dispensers in business occupancies. But there is a huge difference between healthcare occupancies and business occupancies for ABHR dispensers. Section 19.3.2.6 is a healthcare occupancy chapter, and anything written in chapter 19 applies to just existing healthcare occupancies. The Life Safety Code requirements for a business occupancy are found in chapter 38 for new construction business occupancies and chapter 39 for existing business occupancies.

It is interesting to note that chapters 38 & 39 do not have the similar language found in chapters 18 & 19 for healthcare occupancies that permit ABHR dispensers in corridors (i.e. 18/19.3.2.6). Therefore, section 38/39.3.2.1 is the applicable standard and must be followed, which says hazardous areas must comply with section 8.7. Section 8.7.3.2 says no storage or handling of flammable liquids or gases shall be permitted in any location where such storage would jeopardize egress from the structure. Where chapters 18 & 19 for healthcare occupancies have exceptions that actually permit ABHR dispensers in corridors, chapters 38 & 39 do not for business occupancies. In fact, chapters 38 & 39 actually requires compliance with section 8.7.3.2 which prohibits the handling of flammable liquids (and ABHR solution is considered a flammable liquid) in an egress.

That is why ABHR dispensers are not permitted in business occupancy corridors. Since the business occupancy chapters do not address ABHR dispensers, other than saying flammable liquids cannot be stored or handled in the egress, surveyors would likely follow the chapter 19 requirements on ABHR dispensers for other regulatory requirements in business occupancies. They could easily enforce the width separation and the requirement to keep the dispenser away from ignition sources and other requirements. Since chapters 38 & 39 are silent on the issue of ABHR dispensers, the surveyors could ‘borrow’ from chapter 19 and enforce that, as long as it does not conflict with section 8.7.3.2.